- in 2005, a Framework Agreement as to the development of oil and gas projects. See on that point the Guidance for Development of Trans-boundary Oil and Gas Fields with Norway (HERE);
- in 2005, the North Sea Basin Task Force (NSBTF) (http://nsbtf.squarespace.com/), focusing on the adoption of common principles for the regulation of CCS (later on joined by Germany and The Netherlands in 2008);
- on 28 May 2009, the One North Sea - Joint Ministerial Statement on Climate Change and Energy Security (HERE), defining CCS, energy and renewables as areas of cooperation.
Today's joint statement should be seen as an updated version of the 2009 statement, but with a slightly amended order of topics, and a clear emphasis on petroleum:
Oil and Gas - Some figures can be mentionned here as a reminder of the tight relationship between the two countryes: in 2008, Norway exported 33% of its natural gas and 29% of its crude oil to the UK; the UK imported 72% of its gas from Norway. The signals given this week by the UK energy minister confirm that Norway will continue to be an important importer for the country. The two countries' gas transportation systems are interconnected by Langeled, the word's longest underwater pipeline. The political signal given by the two governments is formulated as follows:
"We remain fully committed to support industry in the future development of our oil and gas resources in the North Sea using the best technology available to manage emissions, protect the environment and maximise recovery of resources."
"Collaborate in the EU/EEA, including on the ongoing work related to offshore drilling regulations in response to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, and by exploring ways to collaborate to promote green growth in tje region, following up on the low carbon initiative of the UK Nordic Baltic summit."
As concerns electricity interconnections, the declarations were primarily oral, without concrete announcements. As reported in the press release from DECC: "They also agreed to continue to support efforts to develop interconnection between the UK and Norway."
- Press release, Norwegian Ministry for Petroleum and Energy, 25.10.2011, HERE.
- Press release, Department of Energy and Climate Change, UK, "UK and Norway sign historic energy agreement, 25.10.2011, HERE.